The following are hallmarks that were featured on the home page as they were posted.
These marks and many more are listed in "World Hallmarks - Vol.I - Europe" available here. Some are from the yet to be released Vol.II.
Egyptian Silver Hallmark
1 2 3
Egypt has been hallmarking precious metals since 1916.
Their hallmark methodology is sequential and comprised of 3 components with a prescribed arrangement, generally aligned as in the example. To better understand each component of the Egyptian hallmark the following is provided...
- This is the fineness hallmark that identifies the purity of precious metal, in Arabic, as tested by the Egyptian Assay Office. The Arabic chracters here are a
9 and 0 ( '90' representing 90% or 900/1000). Above the
fineness is the abriviation, in Arabic, for the Cairo
Assay Office where the item was hallmarked.
- The center hallmark shows the lotus flower,
which Egypt uses
as their country hallmark for silver from 1946 to date.
Prior to the lotus, a cat was used from 1916-1945. (If gold this hallmark's core image would be the Larus Gull, a stork like image)
- The final mark on the right is the year-date hallmark.
Each year a new letter in the Arabic alphabet is assigned to represent that year. The letter indicates when these hallmark was struck on the item. In this example the letter is the Arabic letter for 'h'
used from 1962-1964.
Look for more information in the HRI's upcoming publication World Hallmarks - Vol II - Asia, Middle East, Africa
Czechoslovakia Silver Hallmark
The triangular shape of this hallmark is unique and identifiable for the region. The 'cross over three hills' design within the triangle was used from 1929-1941 in the area know at that time as Czechoslovakia. The number 4 indicates the item is constructed of the fourth silver standard of this period - 835 silver. (For more information, consult page 70 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)
French Gold & Platinum Hallmark
The eagle's head hallmark is commonly seen on French made items that are constructed of a minimum 18k/750 gold. The dog's head mark is the French hallmark for 950 platinum. These two together indicate that both metals are present in this item. The order and orientation of the two hallmarks can provide more specifics on metal content ratios for the item, as well. (For more information, consult page 115 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe, for all the combinations and their meanings.)
Poland Silver Hallmark
This silver hallmark was used in Poland from 1920 to 1931. The number 3 indicates the item is made of the third silver standard at the time - 800 silver. The W on the right side of the female's left facing profile indicates the item was hallmarked in the Warsaw Assay Office. The barrel shape outline tells us that the item marked weighed more than 10 grams. (For more information, consult page 199 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)
Czech and Slovak Republic Hallmark
This rooster facing left is an example of a more recent hallmark from the Czech and Slovak Republic indicating a small domestic gold article of the 3rd standard - 750 gold fineness. This hallmark one of the few Czech and Slovakian hallmarks that has been in use since 1921 that has remained unchanged. (For more information, consult page 76 & 279 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)
This is an example of the inclusive design of the Soviet Russian hallmark. Contained within this rectangular (shove shape) frame shape outlined hallmark
exhibits 1) a Soviet star with hammer and sickle within the star frame, 2) the 583 is the Russian gold standard for 14k gold, 3) a Cryillic symbol to
of the star represents the assay
office where the item was marked.
The second hallmark on the left is the maker's mark Within this pointed reserve is a date mark as well. Do you know what is wrong with this mark and why? Email us, and let us what you think! (For more information, consult page 258 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)
This single hallmark is inclusive in style and that it reveals that the item was imported to Austria after 1965 (the cocker spaniel image was used after 1965), the item was assayed in Salzberg (the S stands for the Salzberg Assay Office) and is of 14k gold (the number 4 stands for the fourth stand for gold in Austria which is 14k/585). (For more information, consult page 33 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)
This French owl hallmark is located on the tongue of a bracelet's push catch.
It was used begining from 1893 and continues to be used. This oval hallmark represents a gold item that is imported from
a country whose standards does not comply to French Customs fineness standards. Often there is a mark on the chest of the owl that designates the assay office that marked the item upon import. A common example is the number 75 that represents Paris. (For more information, consult page 109 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)
Portugal Silver Hallmark
sitting boar is a hallmark from Portugal.
The shape outline of this hallmark indicates it was
assayed in Lisbon between the years of 1886-1938. The II indicates the second standard of silver- 833/1000.
This design of hallmark was generally used on large silver objects. (For more information, consult page 211 & 215 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)
French Gold Hallmark
As a left facing ram's head, this French hallmark was used
from August 16, 1819 to May 9, 1938. Finding
item has tested with
by touchstone to be a minimum
of 750/18kt gold.
Origin of the mark is Paris, France.
French Silver Hallmark
This left facing head of Mercury
with the octagonal outline and
scalloped corners was marked on
large French items exported
out of France between 1840 and 1879. It represents a metal content of either 750 gold
or 950 silver, minimum. (For more information, consult page 112 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)