Hallmark Research Institute
 Dedicated to education and understanding in precious metal hallmarks around the world


Archived Hallmark Example Page

The following are hallmarks that were featured on the home page as they were posted.
These marks and many more are listed in "World Hallmarks - Vol.I - Europe" available here. Some are from the yet to be released Vol.II.


   

Egyptian Silver Hallmark

 

 

 

 

Egypt

 

 

 A               B              C         

 


HRI is currently working on our next volume in the World Hallmarks series - Vol. II which will cover more world of hallmarks outside of Europe (Vol.I covers Europe). In our research, one of the countries we will be covering is Egypt. On the left is an example of their sequential hallmarking style.

Egypt has been hallmarking precious metals since 1916. Their hallmark methodology is comprised of 3 component hallmarks with prescribed arrangement and generally in a row, like this example. To better understand these hallmarks the following is provided to explain what you are seeing in the image.

A- Shows the fineness in Arabic characters for 9 0 (representing 90% or 900/1000). Above the fineness is the Arabic characters for the Cairo Assay Office where the item was hallmarked.
B- The center hallmark shows a lotus flower, which Egypt uses as their hallmark for silver to date. Prior to the lotus, a cat was used from 1916-1945. (Gold is the Ibis bird, a stork like image)
C- The final hallmark on the right is the date letter. This Arabic character represents the year(s) this actual letter was used and indicates when these hallmarks were struck on the item.  The date letter depicted here was used from 1962-1964.

HRI is continues to seek Arabic character hallmark images to complete our research in the Middle East and welcome any images you may want to offer. All appropriate image contributors will be acknowledged in our next publication. If you have images you can share, send them to us through our questions page by attaching them to your email to us. THANK YOU!


Czechoslovakia Silver Hallmark

1




The triangular shape of this hallmark is unique and identifiable for the region. The 'cross over three hills' design within the triangle was used from 1929-1941 in the area know at that time as Czechoslovakia.  The number 4 indicates the item is constructed of the fourth silver standard of this period - 835 silver. (For more information, consult page 70 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)


French Gold & Platinum Hallmark

2



The eagle's head hallmark is commonly seen on French made items that are constructed of a minimum 18k/750 gold. The dog's head mark is the French hallmark for 950 platinum.  These two together indicate that both metals are present in this item. The order and orientation of the two hallmarks can provide more specifics on metal content ratios for the item, as well. (For more information, consult page 115 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe, for all the combinations and their meanings.)

 


Poland Silver Hallmark

3



This silver hallmark was used in Poland from 1920 to 1931. The number 3 indicates the item is made of the third silver standard at the time - 800 silver. The W on the right side of the female's left facing profile indicates the item was hallmarked in the Warsaw Assay Office. The barrel shape outline tells us that the item marked weighed more than 10 grams. (For more information, consult page 199 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)


Czech and Slovak Republic Hallmark

Lisbon Hallmark


 

 

This rooster facing left  is an example of a more recent hallmark from the Czech and Slovak Republic indicating a small domestic gold  article of the 3rd standard - 750  gold fineness. This hallmark one of  the few Czech and Slovakian hallmarks that has been in use since 1921 that  has remained unchanged. (For more information, consult page 76 & 279 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)


Russian Hallmark

Russian Mark



This is an example of the inclusive design of the Soviet Russian hallmark. Contained within this rectangular (shove shape) frame shape outlined hallmark exhibits 1) a Soviet star with hammer and sickle within the star frame, 2) the 583 is the Russian gold standard for 14k gold, 3) a Cryillic symbol to the left of the star represents the assay office where the item was marked.
The second hallmark on the left is the maker's mark Within this pointed reserve is a date mark as well. Do you know what is wrong with this mark and why?  Email us, and let us what you think! (For more information, consult page 258 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)


Austrian Hallmark

Austrian Mark




This single hallmark is inclusive in style and that it reveals that the item was imported to Austria after 1965 (the cocker spaniel image was used after 1965), the item was assayed in Salzberg (the S stands for the Salzberg Assay Office) and is of 14k gold (the number 4 stands for the fourth stand for gold in Austria which is 14k/585). (For more information, consult page 33 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)


French Hallmark

French Import Mark


 

 

This French owl hallmark is located on the tongue of a bracelet's push catch. It was used begining from 1893 and continues to be used. This oval hallmark represents a gold item that is imported from a country whose standards does not comply to French Customs fineness standards. Often there is a mark on the chest of the owl that designates the assay office that marked the item upon import. A common example is the number 75 that represents Paris. (For more information, consult page 109 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)


Portugal Silver Hallmark

Lisbon Hallmark


 

 

This sitting boar is a hallmark from Portugal.  The shape outline of this hallmark indicates it was assayed in Lisbon between the years of 1886-1938. The II indicates the second standard of silver- 833/1000. This design of hallmark was generally used  on large silver objects. (For more information, consult page 211 & 215 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)


French Gold Hallmark


 


As a left facing ram's head, this French hallmark was used from August  16, 1819 to May 9, 1938. Finding this mark indicates the item has  tested with limited warranty by touchstone to be a minimum of 750/18kt gold. Origin of the  mark is Paris, France.   


French Silver Hallmark


 

 

 

This left facing head of Mercury with the octagonal outline and scalloped corners was marked on large French items exported out of France between 1840 and 1879.  It represents a metal content of either 750 gold or 950 silver, minimum. (For more information, consult page 112 of World Hallmarks - Vol. I - Europe)

   

These hallmark images are copyrighted by HRI ©
Permission to use is allowed provided the image is accompanied with
proper credit given to the Hallmark Research Institute.



  
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