on your new book by the way. You have done a great job And
it’s a huge help on our appraisals.
Le livre est superbe et très bien fait. C’est
du travail de professionnels.
...what a great book. I am at the beginning of my career as an appraiser and this book is a very welcome help.
Thank you very much.
Just a quick note to say congratulations on the book. ...I bought
the book and have not stopped using it since!
A publication of this type is long overdue and I wish you every success
... I love this
book. It will be a valuable reference in my library.
I think your book
is great, I am loving it, especially the
historical perspective. I have about 6 other hallmark books; But,
I love using your
It is an outstanding
on an absolutely knowledgeable and informative read.
Besides its obvious
excellent scholarship, It is absolutely beautiful!
The book is fabulous - I have almost finished cover to cover.
guys have done a great job and
it’s a huge help on our appraisals.
I love your book!!! Not only the
hallmarks, but the history to explain the evolution of marking.
Your book is one of the most helpful references I
own. I use it a lot! Can't wait for your next tome.
GEMOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF AMERICA
Gems & Gemology, Fall 2011
JO ELLEN COLE
World Hallmarks, Volume I:
Europe, 19th to 21st Centuries,
By William Whetstone, Danusia
Niklewicz, and Lindy Matula,
Hallmark Research Institute
This is a wonderfully organized volume
that has long been needed by
appraisers, collectors, and museums.
The authors have a gift for taking this
very complex subject and making it
The book's "5S" approach to identifying
hallmarks stands for Strike,
Shape, Style, Standard, and System.
Strike is the actual stamping of an
impression onto a tested metal and
the resulting placement and quality of
that impression. The shape of the
mark is its outline, while the style
refers to its design and imagery. Standard marks indicate the fineness of a
particular metal. Lastly, the System of
sequential hallmarks involves the
mark image and the existence of a
surrounding frame with specific shape
and fineness numbers, sometimes
with a date number or letter.
The fifth S, System, also includes
four subcategories: Implied, Symbolic,
Inclusive, and Sequential (ISIS). In this
methodology, an implied hallmark is
recognized by the core image and/or
frame shape. These alone can indicate
type of metal, metal fineness, and
country or location of assay. A symbolic
hallmark uses a formal or
national symbol representing the
assaying country but provides little
other information. A hallmark with
letters and numbers added to a core
image is considered an inclusive hallmark.
The most informative and easily
read hallmarks are sequential hallmarks,
consisting of a series of marks
in a line or cluster.
The chapters that follow give a
brief history of the European hallmarking
systems by country. The 5S system
is applied, and a time line of precious
metal use in each country is provided.
Additional hallmarks, along
with ancillary marks that serve a specific
purpose, are described with assay
office marks and identification symbols.
In the back of the book is an analytical
index containing a convenient
listing of hallmark images. Although
this image index does not include all
hallmarks, its orderly arrangement
makes looking for the image less
overwhelming than one might suppose.
A historical timeline illustrates
various periods of political transition
for the countries that once formed the
Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Russian Empire and the USSR, and
Yugoslavia. The glossary of hallmark
terms is helpful in reading this book,
and an extensive bibliography completes
the work. Companion volumes featuring hallmarks of other countries are in the works.
|Modern Silver Magazine
to 21st Centuries
by William B. Whetstone, Danusia V. Niklewicz,
Lindy L. Matula
This is a book that was worth waiting
is an absolutely indispensable reference for anyone interested
in European jewelry and hollowware. Years of extensive research
went into this extremely well organized book. Collaboration
with European assay offices and government officials, including
members of the International Association of Assay Offices
and the Hallmarking Convention have resulted in an absolutely
concise and accurate compilation of hallmarks from over thirty
countries. There are over forty chapters and
thousands of drawings and colored photographs of hallmarks.
May of 2009
was an auspicious
was a month of
books on my
bookshelf in anticipation
Jackson, and Wyler, Kovel, and Okie.
There’s a new kid in town. And, at
nearly 400 pages and hardbound, it’s
here to stay.
World Hallmarks, Volume I by Whetstone,
Niklewicz and Matula contains 40 chapters
of solid information, purposefully extracted
from dozens of sources, up to and including
the horse’s mouth, which have been intelligently
and artfully arranged to provide
easy access to the heretofore arcane world
of hallmarks. And, it’s in English!
Any one with an interest in articles of precious
metal can benefit from this book.
From the hobbyist searching for a heart of
gold to the professional providing a well researched
product to their client, World
Hallmarks Volume I, will help the reader
understand everything from the inception
and purpose of the hallmark concept, to its
implementation in various western and
eastern European countries, as well as the
historical context and its impact on
changes in hallmarking throughout the last
two-plus centuries of their usage.
There is even a new invention: The 5 “S” method
is a system invented by William Whetstone and developed by the authors
help analyze the components of any hallmark,
to assist in identifying the country of
origin and the relevant quantum of information
which can be packed into a 3 millimeter
pictogram. This book is practically
the Rosetta stone for European Hallmarks!
The book is readable, and interesting.
One quickly gets used to the lay of the
land, and the organizational structure.
Each country chapter begins by laying
out the history of the country, its basic
system for marking, the chronology of
mark usage, and any special marks one
might encounter. The mark illustrations
have been meticulously drawn and are
very clear. The descriptions of the logic
which each country put into its marking
system are clear and sensible, and the
authors went to great lengths to vet this
information with the governmental agencies
in charge of each countries hallmarking
Now, just because I’m acknowledged
among the many cheerleaders and contributors
by the authors, the reader has no
reason to sense a bias in my review. There
are a very few minor hiccups, easily cured
by reading carefully, which is what all of
the erudite readers of this review would do
in any case. And the book doesn’t fit into
my breast pocket. Other than that, I’d have
to work too hard to find a reason not to
need this book in my library. There, my
criticisms are fixed with an accompanying
pocket guide version.
I really like that this book was published by
the Hallmark Research Institute, and
printed on American soil, on American
paper and with American ink, by hard
working Americans (well, okay, two
Americans and one Canadian). So it cost a
little more. It’s American! And that’s a good
thing! So do a couple of extra hours of appraisal
work, or sell an extra piece of jewelry,
and go buy this book. You need it. We
need it. America needs it. Thank you for
your support. This public service announcement
does not reflect the views or
opinions of the book authors, who are all of
European decent, which gives them the
natural, genetic “Right Stuff” to tackle this
All in all, I probably won’t be reaching for
Tardy in French as my first book of choice
anymore, that is, unless I see a miniscule “les miserable insect” whose
legs I have to count, “Un, Deux, Trois…” No, I’ll
be reaching for W.H.
Review by Janjaap Luijt
Hallmarks; Volume I: Europe 19th to 21st centuries
Whetstone / Danusia Niklewicz / Linda Matula
dit boek zijn van 39 Europese landen de keurtekens opgenomen
zoals die gebruikt worden door waarborginstellingen. Niet toont
het uitsluitend merken voor goud, zilver, platina en palladium,
maar er wordt ook uitgebreid stilgestaan bij de nu geldende wetgevingen
en de te verwachten ontwikkelingen in de nabije toekomst. Om het
risico te vermijden dat er onduidelijkheden of foute informatie
zou worden opgenomen, hebben de samenstellers alle teksten vooraf
ter controle voorgelegd aan de experts van de International Assiociation
of Assay Offices (IAAO) en de medewerkers van de verschillende
Europese waarborgkantoren. Het boek telt ruim 400 pagina’s
met afbeeldingen van duizenden keurtekens, maar ook veel aanvullende
informatie over de geschiedenis van het keuren, oude en nieuwe
analysemethoden en een opsomming van typische waarborgtermen. En
wat natuurlijk het belangrijkste is: dit boek heeft een goede zoeksleutel,
zodat onbekende merken snel gevonden kunnen worden.
Antique Jewelry University
Tim Spauwen FGA Administrator
World Hallmarks Volume I - Europe, 19th to 21st Centuries
The Founders of the Hallmark Research Institute (HRI), William Whetstone, Danusia Niklewicz, and Lindy Matula are pleased to announce the summer release of their first volume in a series on world hallmarks.
Based on the Five S System of hallmark analysis, Whetstone, Niklewicz, and Matula bring to print a clear and informative understanding of the information precious metal hallmarks have to offer. This first volume concentrates on the hallmarking countries of Europe and their marks as they have evolved over the years. Virtually every chapter has been reviewed and vetted by experts from the International Association of Assay Offices (IAAO) and other European country assay offices.
Written in a narrative chronological format, this book covers gold, silver, platinum, and palladium hallmarks, as well as...
Assay Office Corroboration
New Methods of Hallmark Analysis
Newly Revised Imagery
Thousands of Hallmark Graphics
Dozens of Actual Hallmark Photos
Numerous Informational Charts
Glossary of Uncommon Terms
40 Plus Chapters
Nearly 400 Pages
Designed for all persons handling precious metals including gemologists, appraisers, dealers, and collectors of modern and antique jewelry, silver hollowware, cutlery, and objets de art. This resource is a welcome addition to any research library.
Appraiser Under Oath Website Review
Reviewed by Bill Hoefer
Hallmarks; Volume I: Europe 19th to 21st centuries
Whetstone, Danusia Niklewicz, Linda Matula
Publisher: Hallmark Research Institute
Marks are fascinating and they can reveal volumes about a piece of jewelry. This book is not just a list of marks but teaches you the proper nomenclature for marks, the history and development of the marks. You can determine the country-of-origin, the circa date and often the fineness and type of metal. I had a set of the Tardy books and they have now been stashed in a dark corner of my library - this book is both easier to read (it is also in English), faster to locate an unknown mark as well as highly detailed when you decipher a mark.
If you encounter European marks then this book is mandatory to have in your reference library.
NANCY ALISON MARTIN & ASSOCIATES
APPRAISERS OF PERSONAL PROPERTY
Hallmarks - Vol.I - Europe
thorough and well-organized book directly addresses what is perhaps
the foremost challenge faced be researchers of hallmarks: the identification
and subsequent interpretation of an unfamiliar or imperfectly cast
mark. The solution comes in the utilization of a novel five-step
approach that draws on the authors’ concise
accounts of the origins and subtleties of countless hallmarks. This
ready accessibility is due in no small part to its lucid prose and
clear hallmark imagery. I anxiously await World Hallmarks – Volume